OI Blog


Peter Iansek

CEO & Co-Founder

Peter Iansek


Oct 2023
OI Blog
Oct 2023

What is CSAT: Customer Satisfaction Score?

What is CSAT: Customer Satisfaction Score?
Peter Iansek


Peter Iansek

CEO & Co-Founder

Table of Contents:

  • What is CSAT? == What is CSAT?
  • What is a Good CSAT Score? == What is a Good CSAT Score?
  • Why Should You Measure CSAT? == Why Should You Measure CSAT?
  • Advertise Great CSAT Scores == Advertise Great CSAT Scores
  • Challenges to CSAT == Challenges to CSAT
  • How Do You Measure CSAT? == How Do You Measure CSAT?
  • Other Customer Service Metrics == Other Customer Service Metrics
  • The Best Way to Measure CSAT == The Best Way to Measure CSAT

What is CSAT?

CSAT, or customer satisfaction score, is a measure to determine customer satisfaction with the interaction they had with a business. It is typically measured via a survey that is sent to the customer after the interaction. How it’s measured can vary and often the contact center will survey multiple different aspects of their interaction. The most common is: “How satisfied are you with the service you received today?” accompanied by a rating from 1-5.

The higher the score, the more satisfied the customer. CSAT helps organizations understand how their products and services are being received and can inform decisions about future improvements, including within contact center service.

What is a Good CSAT Score?

There are a few ways to measure CSAT. One option is dividing the number of satisfied customers by the number of survey responses and then multiplying this number by 100 to create a percentage or total out of 100. 

You can also report the average of your customer survey responses as a number between 1 and 5. For example, if there were 3 responses at 3, 4, and 5, the average CSAT would be 4. 

A good customer satisfaction (CSAT) score meets or exceeds customer expectations, which means on a scale of 1 to 5, more of your customers should give you a 4 or 5 than a 3 (or below). However, a good CSAT score will vary depending on your business sector. 

To get an idea of the typical CSAT score for your industry, you can use resources like ACSI (American Customer Satisfaction Index). The ACSI provides benchmark scores for various industries and companies.

Companies strive for high CSAT scores to ensure customers are satisfied with their product or service and ultimately become repeat customers. 

Why Should You Measure CSAT?

Measuring customer satisfaction score (CSAT) is a powerful way to gauge customer satisfaction and understand their experience with your brand. CSAT helps: 

Discover Pain Points

Targeted CSAT surveys help identify pain points across the entire customer journey, from sales to onboarding to customer service. They can help determine when the “pain” happens and how painful each of these processes are so organizations can determine what improvements to make. 

There are a few ways to discover pain points. The traditional way would be to ask open-ended questions in surveys, poll customers on social media, and send out regular feedback emails. But, these methods are time-consuming and the gathered information can be subjective and limited. 

How else can you discover customer pain points? Using contact center intelligence and analytics platforms like Operative Intelligence. Operative Intelligence analyzes 100% of inbound interactions and shares the root causes of overall inquiries using the customer’s actual words. Organizations no longer struggle with figuring out what their customers’ pain points are and how much they’re costing the company. 

Plus, this process is entirely automated – saving months of time and effort – and the results are immediately available with a single click. You can be confident that the changes you’re making will give you the expected return through unique value scores for every driver. 

Reduce Customer Churn

Monitoring CSAT helps you spot trends in customer feedback and identify opportunities to improve customer loyalty. By understanding customer expectations–and where they’re not being met–you can determine how to better cater to your customers and reduce churn rates. 

Analyzing CSAT data also provides valuable insights into the overall health of your customer service so that you can take strategic action to improve satisfaction levels and retain customers. 

Advertise Great CSAT Scores

Advertising great CSAT scores can help you reach new potential customers and showcase the quality of your services or products. Here are some tips for how to advertise your CSAT scores:

  • Include CSAT results in your website
  • Encourage customers to post reviews of their experience with your company online and feature them on your website, social media profiles, and other marketing channels.
  • Target potential customers who match your customer profile with paid ads featuring positive customer experiences or quotes from satisfied customers.
  • Showcase positive CSAT content on social media

Challenges to CSAT

While CSAT is a valuable metric, it still has its challenges. 

Low Survey Response Rates 

Many surveys used for measuring customer satisfaction scores require time-consuming questionnaires. This can cause low response rates, typically between 4–12%. 

Low response rates means you don’t have a complete and accurate picture of your entire customer base. And you can’t make data-driven decisions to improve a product, service, or company-wide process at scale without the data. 

Survey Bias  

This type of bias occurs when respondents are not completely honest or accurate in their responses, even if they intend to be. It can lead to unreliable results and affect the overall ratings.

 Several factors can cause survey bias, including:

  • Respondents trying to please the surveyor
  • Cognitive processing errors, such as memory lapses
  • Direct influence from third parties such as family or friends
  • Respondent fatigue or boredom
  • Respondent's unfamiliarity with certain topics or concepts

Survey Oversaturation

Even if you only send a survey once a year, if your customers are filling out multiple (lengthy) surveys for other organizations, this can lead to a lower response rate on your survey. It can also lead to inaccurate results if the survey isn’t completed completely or the respondent is not engaged enough to give accurate feedback. 

Operative Intelligence(OI) addresses all of these challenges. OI can determine CSAT for 100% of interactions without surveys, simply using the language used by customers in their interactions. 

Operative Intelligence ensures that businesses and contact centers:

  • Have no shortage of data points they can use to coach or develop
  • Save time through automated insights–no code, analysts, or spreadsheets required
  • Can address their biggest customer pain points to reduce customer service costs 

How Do You Measure CSAT?

You can measure CSAT by following the steps below:

1. Create Your CSAT Survey

When designing a survey, it should have a good UI/UX that makes it appealing and convenient for customers to complete their surveys. You can create CSAT surveys by using online form builders or custom forms with  HTML/CSS/JavaScript.

To create an effective CSAT survey, consider the following points: 

  • Understand your customers' needs. Ask yourself questions such as “What would my customers need to improve their experience?”
  • Questions should be clear, concise, and easy to understand. Avoid jargon and convoluted language that might confuse respondents or lead them to provide inaccurate answers.
  • Make sure it's comprehensive but keep it as short as possible to avoid survey burnout. Ideally there should be less than 10 questions. 

2. Send Your CSAT Survey

Once your survey is ready, you should distribute it to your customers. You can use email, website forms, telephonic-based surveys, or even SMS messages. 

Make sure that the survey is tailored to the customer's experience and easy to complete. 

3. Calculate CSAT Score

Calculating the customer satisfaction score (CSAT) percentage is a straightforward process. To calculate your CSAT score, follow these steps: 

  1. Add up all survey responses that were rated “satisfied” and “very satisfied”
  2. Divide the total by the number of responses received
  3. Multiply by 100
  4. The resulting number is your CSAT percentage

(Number of satisfied customers / Number of survey responses) x 100 = % of satisfied customers

You can also track and report CSAT as the average score of your customers’ responses to your survey, as a number between 1 and 5. The closer to 5, the higher your customers’ satisfaction. 

4. Track & Analyze CSAT

To effectively track and analyze customer satisfaction you need to implement a system that collects feedback on an ongoing basis across all channels (e.g., in-store visits, phone conversations, and website forms). This is especially important if you offer omnichannel services.

This data should then be analyzed regularly to gain insights into customer sentiment. With the right analytics tools, you can track trends over time and make meaningful comparisons between customer segments to understand where improvements are needed.

5. Act on CSAT Insights 

The final step is to act on the insights you have gained from your CSAT score. Take action based on customer feedback and incorporate their concerns, suggestions, and ideas into your customer service strategy. 

What’s the easiest way to track, analyze, and act on your CSAT insights? Operative Intelligence. Businesses no longer need to waste time creating long and complex surveys. Operative Intelligence can determine CSAT for 100% of interactions without surveys, simply using the language used by customers on their interactions. 

Using this data, contact center management teams can quickly discover the span of performance across teams, channels, and products. Team leaders can coach with precision and drive measurable improvements in customer service and customer experience. 

Other Customer Service Metrics

CSAT, NPS, and CES are metrics used for measuring customer satisfaction. But how do they differ from each other?


CSAT measures the overall satisfaction with a specific product or service, while NPS (net promoter score) measures a customer’s willingness to recommend that product or service to others.

If you asked customers to rate their experience on a scale of 1-5, with 5 being extremely satisfied and 1 being unsatisfied, this would be a CSAT score. An NPS question would ask customers how likely they are to recommend the product/company on a scale from 0-10.


CSAT measures customer satisfaction by capturing customers' feelings in the moment, often during or immediately after a transaction.

 CES, or customer effort score, measures the effort required for a customer to complete their task or goal by measuring how easy it was for them to achieve their desired outcome. 

The Best Way to Measure CSAT

The traditional way to measure CSAT would be to ask open-ended questions in surveys, poll customers on social media, and send out regular feedback emails. But, these methods can be inaccurate and time-consuming. 

Operative Intelligence is the best way to measure CSAT–and all contact center metrics. OI analyzes 100% of inbound interactions and shares the root causes of overall inquiries using direct phrases from customer speech. 

It shows every inquiry's volume, cost, and sentiment, so contact center leaders know which changes will drive the highest impact improvements in their customer experience.

Ready to drive changes at every level of your business?

Book a demo with Operative Intelligence today. 

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