OI Blog


Peter Iansek

CEO & Co-Founder

Peter Iansek


Oct 2023
OI Blog
Oct 2023

What is AHT (Average Handle Time) and How to Reduce It

What is AHT (Average Handle Time) and How to Reduce It
Peter Iansek


Peter Iansek

CEO & Co-Founder

Table of Contents:

  • What is AHT? == What is AHT?
  • How Do You Calculate Average Handle Time? == How Do You Calculate Average Handle Time?
  • Challenges of Reducing AHT Without Trading Off the Customer Experience == Challenges of Reducing AHT Without Trading Off the Customer Experience
  • How to Reduce Average Handle Time While Maintaining a Great Customer Experience == How to Reduce Average Handle Time While Maintaining a Great Customer Experience
  • Improve AHT For a Better Customer Experience == Improve AHT For a Better Customer Experience

What is AHT?

AHT is the average duration of the entire customer call transaction, from when the customer initiates a call or contact to when it ends. 

It measures more than just conversation time: it also covers hold times, transfer times, talk times, wrap-up activities, and any other activities related to resolving a customer's issue.

Why is Average Handle Time Important?

AHT gives insights into the efficiency of call center representatives in managing calls or interactions. It also identifies areas where agents may need additional training or support to improve their performance and optimize workflows for a higher CSAT. 

If AHT is too high, it can indicate that agents may not be able to handle calls or interactions quickly and efficiently. This can result in higher costs, decreased productivity, and lower customer satisfaction. 

If AHT is unnaturally low, it could suggest agents are rushing calls or interactions, which can also lead to poor service quality, frustrated customers, and decreased customer retention.

How Do You Calculate Average Handle Time?

AHT can be calculated by adding up all of the talk, hold, and follow-up times for a given period and then dividing it by the total number of calls or interactions. 

  • Talk time refers to the time a customer and an agent spend actively talking to each other during a customer interaction. It also includes the time the agent spends actively helping the customer with their query or issue.
  • Hold time refers to the time a customer spends waiting on hold during a customer interaction, either to be transferred to a different department or for an agent to return to the call.
  • Follow-up time, also called after-call-work (ACW), refers to the time an agent spends on post-call work after a customer interaction has ended, such as updating customer records, creating a ticket or initiating a follow-up call or email. 

The formula for calculating AHT is:

AHT = (Total Talk Time + Total Hold Time + Follow up Time) ÷ Total Number of Interactions

For example, let's say you want to calculate the AHT for a call center that handled 50 calls. Let’s assume that the total talk time for all calls was 500 minutes, the total hold time was 100 minutes, and the related task time (follow-up time) was 50 minutes. 

Using the formula above, you can calculate the AHT as follows:

AHT = (500 + 100 + 50) ÷ 50

AHT = 650 ÷ 50

AHT = 13 minutes

AHT Industry Benchmarks: What is a Good Average Handle Time?

AHT industry benchmarks vary depending on the industry and the nature of customer interactions. However, some sources suggest that a typical AHT for a call center is about 6 minutes

It's important to note that while benchmarks can be helpful for setting goals and tracking progress, they should not be the sole focus. 

Each business should set its own targets based on specific service needs and customer expectations. Therefore, there isn't necessarily a "good" AHT. 

Having a low AHT can indicate that agents are handling calls quickly and efficiently, which can lead to higher customer satisfaction and retention rates. However, it's important to balance a low AHT with other metrics such as first call resolution and customer satisfaction to ensure that agents are not rushing through calls at the expense of providing quality service.

It's also important to recognize that certain types of calls or inquiries may naturally have a longer AHT than others, such as complex technical support calls or product demos. In these cases, a longer AHT can actually indicate that the agent is taking the necessary time to provide thorough and accurate assistance to the customer.

Challenges of Reducing AHT Without Trading Off the Customer Experience

While contact centers want to reduce the amount of time agents and customers spend handling a problem, it can be hard to do that without negatively impacting the customer experience. 

With the current call center software and technology available, contact center leaders can face challenges in: 

Determining What Agents Need to be Coached On

Call centers aim to provide efficient and effective service to their customers. One way to achieve this is by evaluating the performance of agents and determining which ones need coaching. Evaluations usually involve identifying which agents are performing poorly for specific inquiries, which agents have the lowest overall performance, and which are doing the best. 


In a contact center where agents handle hundreds of inquiry types, it can be difficult to identify which specific areas agents need training on. Therefore, coaching agents with the highest AHT may not be effective since it doesn't necessarily address the actual issues that agents are facing.

Certain call or contact types may also impact an agent’s AHT more than others. Sometimes, an agent's AHT may be within the normal range for a more complex inquiry, but they may struggle with other types of inquiries even if their AHT is in a normal range. 

Therefore,  it's not enough to simply look at AHT when determining which agents need coaching. Unfortunately, existing systems don't provide this level of insight, making it difficult for support leaders to determine which areas to focus on. 

As a result, leaders are left with the task of listening to calls to identify opportunities for improvement. This approach is not scalable and may not be able to identify all the areas for improvement. Leaders must have a deeper understanding of the issues that agents are facing when handling different inquiries to provide more effective coaching.

Accessing Data Sample Sizes

Call center managers can sample and listen in on the conversations between agents and customers in real-time or review recordings later. By doing so, they can identify other areas where agents need improvements such as call handling techniques or adherence to company policies and procedures. 

They can also use this information to provide targeted training to individual agents or groups of agents, obtain insights, and identify trends and patterns in customer behavior.


A low sample size, where only a few interactions are taken into account, can result in an inaccurate representation of the AHT, since a few bad calls with longer handling times can skew the results. 

Alternatively, when there are hundreds of calls, it becomes less likely that a few outliers will significantly impact an agent's overall AHT. The impact of a few bad calls will be diluted and the AHT will be more reflective of the agent's overall performance.

Understanding Corresponding Metrics

AHT alone doesn’t provide a complete picture of an agent's performance, as it does not indicate whether the agent effectively resolves customer calls or ensures customer satisfaction. Contact centers use corresponding metrics like First Contact Resolution (FCR) and CSAT to get a more comprehensive view of the quality of service being provided.


Modern contact center analytic tools can help contact centers analyze multiple metrics such as AHT, CSAT, and FCR together. However, even with these tools, it can still be challenging to analyze and interpret the data. 

The data analysis process can be cumbersome because it involves processing large amounts of data and identifying correlations between different metrics. It usually also requires skilled analysts who can make sense of the data and provide actionable insights to improve the customer experience.

Identifying the Highest-Impact Activities 

Contact centers can identify the activities that will have the highest impact on AHT by measuring and understanding all the different types of customer inquiries, including the workload and AHT for each inquiry. 

The inquiries with the highest workload and AHT are the ones where the center can make the largest impact in reducing AHT. By identifying these activities, contact centers can prioritize their efforts to improve efficiency, ultimately leading to better customer satisfaction and increased agent productivity.


This type of information is not always readily available through existing systems–it requires being able to automatically pull AHT, CSAT, FCR, (and more) from 100% of all interactions. Contact center managers may need to rely on call listening and deep analysis to gain insights into which inquiries are driving the AHT which can be time consuming and resource intensive. 

How to Reduce Average Handle Time While Maintaining a Great Customer Experience

We already know that reducing AHT enables companies to improve customer retention rates, increase team productivity, and lower operating costs. 

To achieve these benefits, we provide practical ways to help enhance AHT without overwhelming call center agents or compromising the quality of your customer service.

1. Identify Target AHT

The first step in setting an AHT target is to identify a specific goal that can be measured either in seconds or as a percentage. After establishing the target, it’s essential to align everyone in the organization on the desired outcome and why it’s important. 

For example, if a contact center wants to reduce AHT by 20 seconds, they should consider how this will help them achieve a specific goal, whether it’s faster response times, lowering service costs, or reducing customer effort scores.

2. Identify Customer Contact Drivers & Their AHTs

Customer contact drivers are inquiries or issues that make customers reach out to a contact center for assistance or resolution. Companies can revolutionize the overall customer experience by uncovering the precise drivers of customer contact. 

Customer contact drivers provide contact center leaders with actionable opportunities to improve customer experience and boost agent efficiency. 

Knowing the AHT for each customer contact driver, and their workload and volume allows contact centers to understand why certain inquiries take longer to resolve and how to optimize the process. By mapping each driver to AHT, contact centers can determine the ideal AHT for different inquiries and create specific plans to correct deviations.

3. Determine Highest-AHT Drivers & Workload

After identifying the root cause of contact drivers, along with their AHT, workload, and volume; businesses can shortlist the ones with the biggest impact for customers and agents, and focus on optimizing those areas. This approach can help contact centers reduce customer churn, improve customer satisfaction, and reduce costs associated with longer handle times

4. Map Agent Performance

Once the prioritized AHTs have been determined, the next step is mapping the performance of agents for each prioritized driver, and measuring it across the board. This means determining the AHT for each driver and for each agent and then analyzing the data to identify which agents have the highest and lowest AHT for each driver. It's important to ensure a statistically significant sample size by collecting enough data to make reliable conclusions.

By mapping agent performance in this way, contact center leaders can identify which agents are performing well for each driver and which agents may need additional training or support to improve their AHT. It also helps leaders to identify any patterns or trends in performance across the team, and to develop strategies for improving overall performance for each driver. 

5. Bonus: Map FCR & CSAT to Agent/Inquiry Level

Connecting agent performance or inquiry level to FCR and CSAT will enable you to identify what the ideal performance looks like each customer contact, (e.g. high FCR, high CSAT, and low AHT for simple inquiries or a high FCR, high CSAT, and medium AHT for more complex queries). Then you can focus coaching efforts on agents who fall below that standard.

These steps can all help reduce AHT without compromising customer experience–but they require a lot of time, effort, and investment. 

Fortunately, Operative Intelligence automates the entire process. 

Operative Intelligence can unlock the reality of your customer’s needs with AI-powered

customer insights. The platform helps you analyze the different customer contact drivers and inquiries and shows each agent's performance in terms of their corresponding AHT, FCR, and CSAT. 

Pulling data from various channels including voice, email, chat, web, messaging, social media, and customer reviews, Operative Intelligence can:

  • Uncover the exact reasons why customers are contacting in their own words in real-time including the volume, AHT, cost, satisfaction, and resolution of every inquiry. 
  • See First Contact Resolution and Customer Satisfaction for 100% of agent interactions without surveys. Identify exactly which inquiries agents do well on and where they need to improve.
  • Discover which inquiries types have the lowest and highest customer satisfaction and target specific areas of underperformance across the scale of your contacts. 
  • Drill down to uncover the root cause of customer pain points and which inquiries can be completed through self-service, with ROI built into the insights. 
  • Automatically pinpoint which inquiries drive revenue, lifetime customer value, and retention based on the stated needs of your customers at scale.

Improve AHT For a Better Customer Experience

Average Handle Time is an important metric for measuring customer service efficiency in contact centers. However, the current methods of reducing it have several limitations due to a lack of insights into its biggest drivers. 

Operative Intelligence empowers contact centers to shift their focus from listening to calls and evaluating interactions to developing their agents and teams. The platform automates the FCR and CSAT for 100% of agent interactions, and identifies the root cause of AHT and its associated costs. 

Leveraging this data, contact center management teams can easily identify performance disparities across teams and enable team leaders to coach with precision and drive measurable improvements in their AHT without negatively impacting the customer experience.

Modernize your business with automated and actionable insights today. 

Book a demo with Operative Intelligence.

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